For various reasons, women are more susceptible to certain diseases than men. Some are quite serious and can be fatal, while others require preventive treatment. Below are some examples of diseases that women most often suffer.
Diseases more common in females than males
Hearing loss and otosclerosis
Otosclerosis is a developmental pathology of the organ of hearing that is associated with the growth of bone tissue in the inner and middle ear. Excess bone tissue disrupts the process of sound transmission and leads to hearing loss.
In the early stages of the disease, when the ear loses the ability to transmit sounds, the perception of low-frequency sounds worsens, and a specific noise or ringing appears in the ears.
Low-frequency hearing loss can be provoked either by experienced stress or by viral infections in the body, and hormonal problems, and a hereditary factor.
Women from 20 to 45 years old often suffer from otosclerosis and hearing loss. Much less usually – men, and rarely children.
Here are some of the common symptoms associated with the disease:
- persistent tinnitus;
- frequent dizziness;
- improving hearing in noisy environments.
Diseases of the thyroid gland
The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that affect metabolic processes in the body. Some hormones are responsible for the growth of organs and tissues, while others provide calcium exchange in the bone apparatus.
Studies have shown that women are 8 times more likely than men to suffer from thyroid disease. The disease often manifests itself as hypothyroidism, in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones to regulate metabolism.
Most often, the disease affects women aged 35 to 40 years. This is due to how age-related changes affect the body’s functioning and the frequent manifestation of genetic disorders.
Alzheimer’s disease is a chronic disease that gradually leads to dementia and personality breakdown.
Since the disease most often develops in adulthood, and according to statistics, women live longer than men; they are susceptible to the disease.
In addition, Alzheimer’s has also been linked to hormones and menopause. The fact is that during this period in the body, the level of estrogen significantly decreases, increasing the risk of developing various diseases.
To reduce the risk of the disease, experts recommend adhering to a healthy lifestyle, getting enough sleep, and keeping the mind active: solving crosswords, learning poetry, reading books, and doing arithmetic.
A genetic disease of a neuropsychiatric nature affects the development of the nervous system and manifests itself at an early age. Rett syndrome in 99% of cases manifests itself in girls and only in extremely rare forms in boys.
The disease manifests itself as mental retardation, muscle hypotension, the curvature of the spine, and ataxia. In modern medicine, there is still no specific treatment for the disease.
Prevention of the syndrome is possible in the form of prenatal diagnosis of this disease by genetic methods.
Anorexia nervosa or bulimia
Eating disorders are most commonly affected by women. In men, such diseases appear as symptoms of other ailments.
In anorexia nervosa, a person deliberately refuses to eat because of an unhealthy desire to rapidly lose weight. The disease is often diagnosed in girls aged 12 to 26 years. Experts attribute this to the fact that girls especially often experience psychological trauma, stress, and self-doubt at this age. In addition, unhealthy relationships with partners, parents, and loved ones can affect the development of the disease. Low self-esteem is another common factor in the development of the disease.
Eating disorders require compulsory treatment. You should not rely on yourself – if you are faced with such diseases, be sure to seek help from a specialist.
Chromosomal abnormality is characterized by a violation of the development of the reproductive system and leads to abnormal changes in the internal organs. Turner syndrome results from a violation of the structure of the s3x X chromosome and occurs only in women.
The disease’s obvious symptoms are deformity of the elbow joints, short stature, s3xual infantilism, and an underdeveloped lower jaw.
Modern medicine allows you to eliminate the symptoms, but it is impossible to cure the pathology completely. However, systematic observation by a doctor makes it possible with a high degree of probability to assume the possibility of the development of pathology in the early stages of pregnancy.
Women’s mental health problems are diagnosed two times more often than men. However, this has nothing to do with how women often turn to psychologists and psychotherapists for help.
Compared to men, women are more likely to experience stress since they combine several social roles: caring for children and parents, improving their everyday lives, and building a career. Maternity can also lead to depression. Some women experience postpartum depression and single-handedly care for their children and well-being. In addition, women are much more likely to be victims of emotional and physical abuse. This provokes several mental disorders and leads to a depressive state.
To avoid possible health problems, it is important to pay more attention to your mental state and, if necessary, seek help from specialists.