Ghana is a country in Western Africa that sits on the edge of the Gulf of Guinea and covers nearly 238,540 square kilometers. Her independence dates back to March 6, 1957, and the population of this country estimate at around thirty million.
1. Accra, the capital of Ghana
The capital’s population is estimated to be around 4.5 million. An African city that is constantly growing shows that the city’s population increases by 1.5% per year. But with its accumulation, the population rises to more than 5 million inhabitants. Accra is, therefore, the economic and political center of the country.
The other major city in Ghana is Kumasi, found in the Ashanti region in southern Ghana. A town in the south of the country but which is still nearly 200 kilometers from the coast.
The city, which lies along the Gulf of Guinea, is one of the most prominent cities. This Ghanaian city has around 600,000 inhabitants, and it plays a significant role in the country’s economy. It is indeed a major industrial and commercial center in Ghana. The major industries of this city link to wood, tobacco but also shipbuilding. The influence of the city facilitates thanks to the presence of a railway line. Indeed Sekondi-Takoradi is on the railway line which connects the cities of Kumasi and Accra.
This city in northern Ghana is one of the largest cities in the country because of its population. Tamale is a town that sits at an average altitude of 180 meters. It mainly makes up of the Dagomba ethnic group, and the religion of this ethnic group is Islam.
The rainy season runs from May to October. The dry season takes place the other part of the year, between November until March.
This city, which locates in the southeast of the country, is located in the capital’s metropolitan area. And it is in this capacity that it has experienced strong growth.
The town of Sunyani locates in the southwest of the country in the Bono region at an average altitude of 300 meters. Its population with its agglomeration amounts to approximately 250,000 – 300,000 inhabitants.
The city’s activity revolves around the production of cocoa and Kola nuts. Note the presence of agriculture focused mainly on the cultivation of corn, yams, and plantains.
7. Cape Coast
This Ghanaian city locates on the coast in the south of the country, 150 kilometers west of the capital. This city is known to be the capital of the Fante ethnic group. For this reason, Cape Coast is also known as Oguaa, the city’s Fante name. Oguaa (Cape Coast) is one of the most populated cities in Ghana, with around 160,000 inhabitants when one considers its agglomeration.
This city in the south of the country is also one of the most populated cities in the country. Obuasi is on the railway line that connects Kumasi and Sekondi-Takoradi.
If this city of Ghana designs worldwide, it is most certainly home to one of the largest gold mines in the world. The operator of the deposit is none other than the company AngloGold Ashanti. (a mining company headquartered in South Africa and listed in New York. Anglogold Ashanti is said to have created about twenty years ago and which is the third-largest gold producer in the world)
This little-known city in Ghana is a locality located in the metropolitan area of Accra. Its proximity to the capital makes the town a district of Accra rather than an actual urban entity. Indeed with the constant growth of the money, Teshie has been absorbed into what is now called greater Accra. Nevertheless, the region’s inhabitants know this locality, among other things, for its beach called Teshie Beach.
Originally this large city was a small fishing village. In the 18th century, the Danes settled in Teshie and built Fort Augustaborg (now in ruins) in 1787. The British took this colony from the Danes and remained the city’s occupants until Ghana’s independence on March 6, 1957.
Tema is also a city that is part of the urban area of Accra. Much like the town of Teshie, the city of Tema locates in the eastern part of the capital. Nevertheless, Tema is a city with significant economic activity thanks to the presence of a large seaport.
This port receives traffic of containers for neighboring landlocked countries like Burkina Faso or Mali. The port managers are none other than the companies: Bollore Africa Logistics and the Ghana Port and harbor Authority, also known by the acronym of GPHA.