Since ancient times, people have preferred to settle in places located near natural water bodies or Riverbank. For the construction of cities, broad lowlands were mainly chosen and the banks of rivers and lakes. But for individual peoples, the priority was not so much water as the availability of valuable resources or their safety.
They equipped their homes in areas with difficult climatic conditions and places where it would be difficult for enemies to reach. Their home is the dense jungle, isolated islands, and the coldest and hottest places on the planet.
Even though their descendants have the opportunity to move to a more comfortable part of the world for life, for some reason, residents do not want to leave their homes, continuing, like their ancestors, to adapt to very extreme living conditions.
1. Dallol, Ethiopia
The area is considered the settlement with the highest average annual temperature and one of the most isolated places on the planet. There are no paths in the area, and you can get here only through caravan routes. The exact number of inhabitants in this region is unknown.
2. Pitcairn Island, UK
The Pitcairn Islands, located in the South Pacific Ocean, consist of 4 islands with 47 square kilometers. One of them – Pitcairn – is inhabited by people. The first settlers of the island were the nine Bounty mutineers and the Tahitian captives. According to the 2014 census, on a piece of land measuring 4.6 square kilometers. Forty-seven people live there now.
3. Tristan da Cunha, UK
Like the Pitcairn Islands, the site is one of the most remote settlements on Earth. The island, which is part of the archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean, is inhabited. There are no mammals on it, and only the northern and northwestern parts are suitable for permanent human habitation. In 2019, the island’s population was 260.
4. Ittoqqortoormiit, Greenland
The city is considered the northernmost city on the planet. You can get to it only by traveling first by plane and then by helicopter or boat. For a long time, the principal inhabitants of this place were polar bears, musk oxen, and seals.
In 1925, the first settlers appeared on these lands. At the moment, the population of the city is about 345 people.
5. Verkhoyansk, Russia
It is one of the coldest urban areas in the world. The average annual temperature is –14.5°C. As of 2010, 1311 people lived in Verkhoyansk.
6. Medog, China
The place is connected with the outside world by a 200-meter suspension bridge. All other roads were either destroyed by mountain avalanches or mudflows. Buddhists consider the site to be sacred land. The population of Medog is 11,000 inhabitants.
7. San Pedro de Atacama, Chile
The Atacama Desert is the driest desert on Earth. On average, 10 mm of precipitation falls here a year. Vegetation and inhabitants are incredibly scarce in the desert, and in some places, it is absent. Despite the harsh conditions, in the middle of the desert in San Pedro de Atacama, which is home to about 3,899 people.
Cherrapunji is one of the wettest areas on Earth. The average rainfall is 12,000 mm per year. Due to heavy rains, local soils have low fertility. The inhabitants of the town are just over 14 thousand peopleu