What are positive stereotypes and why are they harmful?
People tend to think in stereotypes, and not all of these assumptions are inherently harmful. Quite frequently, we give a group of people a positive description founded on cultural myths rather than on their actual attributes. However, even relatively harmless patterns can have unintended repercussions, some of which will be brought to your attention in the following material. What exactly are positive stereotypes, and why do we use them?
The term “stereotype” refers to an overly generalized impression about a particular person, location, or activity. Our brain uses them to reduce the quantity of new information it has to process, which saves us time. Categorizing people based on particular attributes, traits, or preconceptions about them is much simpler.
Positive stereotypes are often used when praising someone or attempting to highlight their positive qualities. In addition, to defending the validity of their own biases. The following are some examples of positive stereotypes:
- Males are incredibly brave;
- The Italians are known for their culinary skills;
- Math is not a difficult subject for Asians;
- ladies have a caring nature and a soft spot for children.
These stereotypes do not hold one hundred percent of the time in the real world. Not every one of Italian ancestry is skilled in the kitchen, and not every Asian ancestry can find solutions to difficulties. Men are prone to anxiety and are less likely than other people to brag about their level of determination. And women have little interest in the welfare of children.
Why positive stereotypes are harmful
Because of our own lives, we are in a unique position to understand the significance of the damage that is caused by unfavorable stereotypes. Consider the situation where you are confronted with patterns about blondes and brunettes or women who drive. This irritates people and makes them want to cut off any communication with others who share such beliefs.
Things become somewhat more complicated when positive stereotypes are taken into consideration. We do not always recognize when using them as a coping mechanism. However, this does not change the fact that these experiences negatively influence the person who has gone through them. Let’s look at a few of the unfavorable outcomes that might result from positive stereotyping.
1. They have expectations that are not reasonable
It’s easy to feel disheartened when we run into people who don’t fit to our assumptions about them. However, consider the circumstance from their point of view. It can be quite challenging when people have expectations of you, and you cannot meet them.
Think about the scenario from the perspective of a young woman who does not fit the stereotype that all women enjoy cooking and are skilled at it. Because she dislikes spending a significant amount of time in the kitchen, she can only make the most basic meals. When people find out about this, they will either feel sorry for her or make an effort to teach her how to improve her skills in the kitchen. In addition, some of one’s acquaintances may be let down by it.
This girl has to deal with some uncomfortable thoughts just because someone is supporting a stereotype that seems to have some nice aspects. Imagine what it’s like for her. It’s possible that she believes she is not good enough, that she is the only one with her habits and point of view, and that society and her inner circle condemn her.
As a result, our judgment of a person ought not to be based on their conformity to preconceptions or their acceptance of those stereotypes. People subjected to this are led to believe that their capabilities or characteristics are restricted due to prejudice, which is detrimental to their sense of self-worth.
2. They limit a person’s ability to take action
A study by Sapna Cheryan published in the Journal of the Association for Psychological Sciences in the United States in 2000 demonstrated how positive stereotypes prevent individuals from taking action. They have the potential to bring about a drop in productivity in areas where people are expected to excel.
The study investigated the belief that people of Asian descent are superior in mathematical ability. However, a fall in concentration was observed once an emphasis was placed on clearly distinguishable ethnic characteristics. And as a direct consequence of this, the test results became substantially more inaccurate.
3. They have the potential to influence decisions made both individually and collectively
The more people believe the stereotype is accurate, the more established it will become in society. This can influence the choices made by individuals and those made by huge communities. This influence is not necessarily a beneficial one, although the stereotype appears to be unproblematic.
A study that was conducted and released in 2010 by a British psychologist named Robbie M. Sutton confirmed the influence that preconceptions have on our decisions.
Study participants who maintained positive stereotypes about women were likelier to think that pregnant women should be restricted from foods that don’t harm them. Interestingly, there was no association between views on food restriction and acceptance of negative stereotypes.
As a result, with the help of constructive models, it is much simpler to convince people to change their perspectives or settle on a choice that most people in society will accept. However, individuals almost always suffer negative consequences from applying stereotypes because doing so stifles their originality.