Rats and mice are the most prevalent rodent species found in human homes, out of a total of 1,500 species. Mice are frequently the victims of the libel typically associated with rats because of their nearly indistinguishable similarity. Despite being members of the same rodent family, rats and mice are two quite different animals.
The amount of nipples that both animals have is one immediately distinguishable physical difference. Domestic mice have five nipples, while rats have six.
The terms “rat” and “mouse” are just colloquial names for medium and small rodent species, not scientific classifications. Humans and chimps share a common ancestor. However, the precise period when the thick branch broke into smaller ones is still a point of contention. This occurred between 8 and 41 million years ago.
Deer mice, house mice, kangaroo rats, Norwegian rats, and black rats are just a few of the mouse and rat species. Domestic mice, black rats, and Norwegian rats are the most frequent of these species.
The rodents are descended from rodents known as Anaglids. These creatures are also the forefathers of the rabbit family.
Rats and mice accompanied humankind on their colonization triumphs all over the world. They moved in carts and ships with explorers, gradually populating every piece of land on every continent in every climate.
The fundamental distinctions between them are easy to identify; rats are larger and heavier than mice, although juvenile rats and adult mice are harder to tell apart. Someone seeking a new pet or wanting to get rid of pesky vermin gnawing on electrical wires might be concerned about the differences between rats and mice. Damaged wires are a typical source of house fires, and this latter behavior is known to have serious effects. Without professional assistance, however, eliminating these rodents is quite impossible. So, what other qualities can we use to tell them apart?
Rats and mice have different characteristics
When it comes to discriminating between two creatures, genetic testing is clear. While both species have 22 pairs of chromosomes, Norwegian rats have 22 while domestic mice have 20. These tests are the most thorough and effective way to classify them. At the same time, most people do not have access to an expensive molecular microscope and are unaware of where to look.
The amount of nipples that both animals have is one immediately distinguishable physical difference. Domestic mice have five nipples, while rats have six. Another distinguishing feature is their morphology; rats are bigger, weighing between 350 and 650 grams, and longer, with a body length of 20-27 centimeters and a tail length of 17 centimeters. On the other hand, domestic mice can weigh between 30 and 90 grams and grow up to 10 centimeters in length with a tail the same length.
Furthermore, the rat’s head is large and broad, with a wide muzzle, whereas the mice’s heads are smaller, triangular, and have narrow, pointed muzzles. The tails of rats are fat, and the ears are small compared to the head, but the tails of mice are thinner, and the ears are larger. Because of these physical variations, mouse traps do not operate in rats.
Rats, on the other hand, are much more difficult to catch than mice. Rats are creatures of habit who rarely experiment with new things; they are cautious and dislike new impediments, which they attempt to avoid at all costs. On the other hand, Mice are curious creatures who can be readily enticed and therefore duped by investigating new paths and potential traps. It’s no wonder that rats are among the world’s worst invaders, given their secretive nature.
Diet, reproduction, and other practices
Although both species eat whatever they want, mice prefer grains and plants over rats’ fresh grains and meat. Mice, on the other hand, do not burrow like rats. Rather, they construct their nests in secret spots close to the food source. Because they are essentially rodents, their teeth are continually growing. Chewing on anything to chew on helps them control their growth. On the other hand, the mice have weaker teeth, requiring them to eat softer materials like wire and wood. On the other hand, rat teeth are so strong that they can eat through aluminum and concrete!
Living in a sewer is not a problem for rats because they are superb swimmers. On the other hand, Mice can jump, climb, and sprint short distances in addition to swimming. A mouse can have about 5 dozen kids every year, which become fertile after 6 weeks from 9 to 12 months. Rats have an average of 12 babies each year and attain reproductive maturity after 3 months of their 12-18 month lifespan.
Both species are nocturnal, meaning they don’t appreciate being exposed to bright lighting. Between dark and dawn, they are at their most sociable. Their tactile, olfactory, and auditory acuity compensate for their low vision.